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Surveillance

Two pigs peeping over the top of a wooden fence panel

Moredun's Disease Surveillance experts, in partnership with the Scottish Agricultural College's Veterinary Services, provide a specialist service to diagnose, monitor and horizon scan for livestock diseases in Scotland.

Activity is focused within the Virus Surveillance Unit and in the Pathology laboratory which undertakes specialist histopathological surveillance of neuropathological and reproductive conditions of farm animals (and sea mammals such as whales, dolphins, porpoises and seals) for the whole of Scotland.

Virus Surveillance Unit

The Virus Surveillance Unit (VSU) at Moredun contributes to two important aspects of the Scottish rural economy. The first of these is the control of endemic disease in domestic livestock and the second is through the effect of viruses on the biodiversity of wildlife.

In addition, the resources at Moredun and the experience of the staff are invaluable for advising on the diagnosis of any new animal disease that may emerge. By building up banks of virus isolates it is possible to monitor changes occurring in viruses under field conditions especially after the introduction of new vaccines. Using these, newly introduced variants can often be quickly and reliably identified. Real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been used to develop a new generation of highly sensitive, quantitative tests to detect and identify ruminant pestiviruses, louping-ill virus, bovine respiratory viruses, ruminant herpesviruses and marine mammal viruses such as phocine herpesvirus 1 and dolphin/seal morbillivirus.

The VSU provides specialist virological support to the disease control centres of the Scottish Agricultural College (SAC) and to other veterinary laboratories. Some diagnostic testing for other clients can also be performed by individual arrangement.

For further information please contact Dr Mara Rocchi.

Available services

Details of tests currently available

Submit samples for testing

Shipment

All of the listed diagnostic or clinical specimens are classed as UN3373: Biological Substance Category B and must be packaged and shipped accordingly

Please ship samples to:

Virus Surveillance Unit,
Moredun Research Institute,
Pentlands Science Park,
Bush Loan,
Penicuik,
Scotland EH26 0PZ

Note: All samples submitted for testing must be clearly marked FAO the Virus Surveillance Unit.

Cost

Please contact the Virus Surveillance Unit directly for test cost details:

Tel: 0131 445 5111

E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]

Pathology Unit

Pathology is the study of changes in animal tissues that occur due to disease. Some of these changes are visible directly with your own eyes (gross pathology). However, others require a light microscope (histopathology) and special staining or labelling techniques to see them.

Pathology helps scientists to identify which different types of cells are being affected and in which tissues, as well as identifying the different types of inflammation produced by an animal’s own white blood cells, in an effort to defend against and hopefully resolve a particular infection.

As Moredun’s research focuses on infectious diseases of livestock, information provided by the pathologists is crucial to almost all of its studies. Moredun’s own specialist Pathology Unit employs two full time veterinary pathologists and three scientific support staff who apply their specialist skills to many of the research projects. Cutting edge techniques being developed by Moredun not only allow the accurate identification of the different causes of infectious diseases but also the different inflammatory cells involved and the potent chemicals (cytokines) that they release. These methods have already been used to analyse the diseased placenta from sheep with enzootic abortion (infection with Chlamydia abortus) and are helping to explain how pregnancy is disrupted, killing the developing foetus.

In addition, the Pathology Unit provides general support for all of Moredun’s research by supplying digital image capture and analysis of cell preparations and tissues.

Available services

The Moredun Pathology Unit offers a consultancy service in several fields of pathology, most notably for pathology of the brain and abortion material of ruminant farm animals, and this also extends to an array of immunohistochemistry for many animal pathogens and cell markers. Additionally, Moredun has extensive experience in the pathology of many species of wildlife, especially sea mammals.

Available services for Surveillance Immunohistochemistry

External Submissions/Second Opinions

If you would like to submit samples for examination, immunohistochemistry or request a second opinion please contact us at [email protected] in the first instance to discuss the suitability of the case with one of our pathologists.

External Submissions Form

Submissions from SAC

We provide a consultancy service for SAC with respect to the neuro and foetal pathology of ruminant farm animals including immunohistochemistry where necessary. We are always happy to discuss individual cases with veterinary investigation officers.

SAC Submissions Form

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